I recently had to renew my American passport in Cebu City as it was with a month or two of expiring. I am now waiting for it to show up. It takes six to eight weeks for it to arrive. I was surprised that they are going to deliver it to me here in Cebu. It has been about a month since I went to the American Consular office here in Cebu.
The IRS is being asked to police far more than taxes these days. As a citizen of the USA, even if you move to the Philippines or other foreign country, you still have federal obligations and the IRS is often used to enforce them. Congress seems determined to increase the power and reach of the IRS. There is also a good deal of misinformation out there about what is required.